THE MEANING OF MAHABBAH ACCORDING TO IBN 'ARABI'S PERSPECTIVE

  • Dalilul Falihin Universitas Negeri Makassar
    (ID)
  • Moch. Qasim Mathar Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar
    (ID)
  • Barsihannor Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar
    (ID)
  • Salahuddin Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar
    (ID)

Abstract

This paper reveals in-depth the concept of mahabbah based on Ibn 'Arabi's perspective. The type of research used in this paper was library research. This research revolved on studying the concept of Mahabbah according to Ibn 'Arabi by adjusting the qualitative research. The research method used by the author was descriptive with a philosophical approach. The Philosophical approach could also examine the structure of the basic ideas (fundamental ideas) formulated by the thinkers. Primary data sources were the works of Ibn 'Arabi, both in the form of books and papers. Secondary data sources were data in the form of books, papers, and articles relevant to the concept of Ibn 'Arabi, from various writings with the knowledge and concern about Ibn 'Arabi's thoughts, especially in the field of Sufism. The technique used by the author in collecting the data was the citation technique, which refers to quoting part or all of the data from various readings that relate to the problem studied. The writer carried out the data analysis. After collecting the data, the writer analyzed it based on the type, then connected one data to another. Next, interpreted the data based on the research principles, and described it using deductive and inductive thinking techniques. Based on Ibn 'Arabi's perspective, the results showed that mahabbah (love) could not be defined; love is difficult to understand. Love can only be found and lived in the deepest depths of the heart. However, it is undeniable that everyone can feel the beauty of love even if they cannot make an analogy of its ultimate. God loves His creatures as a form of manifestation of His al-wadud, al-rahman, al-rahim attributes. Love is the reason and motive for the universe's creation; It cannot separate Ibn' Arabi's theory about love from the doctrine of wahdat al-Wujud as the center of his Sufistic doctrine. It asserted that there are no lovers and beloved except Allah because all entities in nature are the manifestations (Tajalliyat) of the magnificence of Allah. Ibn 'Arabi said that the basis and cause of all love is magnificence. God loves his creatures because the creatures are magnificent. Meanwhile, humans love God because they see God’s magnificence. God is the great and the source of all fineness.

References

Abdul Hafidz F, Al-Syaikh al-Akbar Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi: Sulthan al- 'Arifin, al-hai’ah al- Misriyyah, Kairo, 1986.
Affifi, A.E., Filsafat Mistis Ibnu ‘Arabi, terj. Syahrir Mawi dan Nandi Rahman dari A Mystical Philosopy of Muhyiddin Ibnu ‘Arabi, Jakarta: Gaya Media Pratama, 1998.
Afifi, Abu al-‘Ala. Al-Futuhat al-Makkiyah li Muhy al-Din Ibn Arabi dan kitab Turats al- Insaniyah.Jilid I, h. 158. Kairo: Dar al-Rasyad al-Haditsah. tt.
Ahmad, Al-Daudi, Muhammad ibn Ali ibn, Tabaqat al-Mufassirin, Juz II, Dar al-Kutub al- ‘Ilmiah, Beirut, 1983.
Badawi, Abdurrahman. Ibn ‘Arabi: Hayȃtuhu wa Madzhabuhu, Wukalah al-Mathbu’ah, Kuwaut, 1979.
Balancia, Inkhal Gonzales. Tarikh al-Fikr al-Andalus, terj. Husein Mu'nis. Maktabah Nahdlah Mishriyah. 1955.
Farrukh, Umar, Tarikh al-Fikr al-‘Arabi ila ayyami ibn Khaldun, Dar al-Ilm li al-Malayin, Beirut, 1983.
Ghani, Qasim, Tarikh al-Tasawwuf fi al-Islam Mesir: Maktabah al-Khaidah al-Misriyah, 1970.
Ghazali, Imam al-, Kitab al-Mahabbah wa al-Shauq wa al-Unth wa al-Rida. terj. Abu Abdillah Jakarta: Khatulistiwa Press, 2014.
Hakim, Su’ad, Ibn ‘Arabi wa Maulid Lugat Jadadah, Muassasah al-Jami’ah, Beirut, 1991.
Hasan, Ibrahim Hasan, Tarikh al-Islam, Jilid IV, Dar al-Jil, Beirut.
Hilmi, Mustafa, Ibnu Taimiyah wa Tasawwuf Iskandaria: Dar al-Da’wah, 1986.
Ibn ‘Arabi, Yusuf ibn MuIbn, Al-Futuhat al-Makkiyyah, Jilid I, hal. 289.Ibn ‘Arabi, Al-Futuhat al-Makkiyyah, Jilid I.
Ibn al-Mulaqqin, Tabaqat al-Auliya.
Ibnu ‘Arabi, al-Futuhat al-Makkiyyah, Jilid I, Maktabah al-Tsaqafah al- Diniyyah, Beirut, t.th.
Ibnu ‘Arabi, Muqaddimah kitab al-Ubadalah, Maktabah al-Qahirah
Isa, Abd. Al Qadir, Haqaiq al Tasawuf. Terj. Khairul Amru Harahap, dkk. Jakarta: Qisthi Press, 2011.
Izutsu, T., Ibn al 'Arabi: The Encyclopedia of Religion, Macmillan & Cllier Macmillan, New York, 1987.
Jauziyah, Ibnu Qayyim al-. Raudah al-Muhibbin wa Nuzhah al-Mushtaqin terj. Emiel Ahmad (Jakarta: Khatulistiwa Press, 2009.
Muslim, Shahih Muslim, tahqiq oleh Muhammad Fuad Abd al-Baqi, Juz I Kairo: Dȃȃr al Hadis, 1412 H/1991M.
Mutawalli, Abd al Satar al-Sayyid, Adab al Zuhd fi al-‘Asri al ‘Abbasi, Nastahuhu, wa Tatawarruhu, wa Ashharu Rijaluhu (Mesir : tp, 1983.
Mutawalli, Abd.Al-Satar al-Sayyid, Adab al-Zuhd fi al-‘Asr al-‘Abbas. Mesir: al-Hind al-Misr al-‘Ammah li al-Kitab, 1984.
Nabhani, Jami’ Karamat al-Auliya, ed. Ibrahim ‘Athwah Audli. Jilid I. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr 1412/1993.
Naisaburi, Abd al-Qasim ‘Abd al-Karim bin Hawazan al-Qushairi al-, al-Risalah al-Qushairiyah fi al-tasawuf (tt: Dar al-Khair, tth.
Palacious, Acin. Ibn Arabi: Hayatuhu wa Madzhabuhu, teij. Abd al-Rahman Badwi. Beirut: Dar al-Qalam. 1979.
Qami, Abdul Hafidz Farghali Ali al-, Al-Syaikh al-Akbar Muhyf al-din ibn ‘Arabi Sultan al- ‘Arifin, al-Haiah al-Misriyyah al-‘Ammah li al-Kitab, 1986.
Qasim, Mahmud, al Khayal fi Madhab Mahya al-Din bin ‘Arabi (Kairo: Jami’ah Qahirah, 1969.
Qum, Mukti Ali El-, Spirit Islam Sufistik: Tasawuf sebagai Instrumen Pembacaan Terhadap Islam Bekasi Timur: Pustaka Isfahan, 2011.
Rayyan, Muhammad Ali Abu, Tarikh al-Fikr al-Falsqfi fi al-Islam, Dar al-Nahdlah al-‘Arabiyyah, Beirut, 1970.
Ruhasi, Abd. Al-Fatah al-Sayyid Muhammad al-, al-Hub al-Ilahi fi Shi’ri Muhyi al-Din bin ‘Arabi Kairo: Dar al-Thaqafah, 1983.
Sya’rani. Al-Thabaqat al-Kubra, Jilid I,
Sya’rani. Al-Yawaqltwa al-Jawahir, Mesir: Mustafa al-Babi al-Halabi, 1378/1959 Dairat al-Ma’arif al-Islamiyah. Jilid I
Syantanawi, Ahmad dkk, Dairah al-Ma'arif al-Islamiyyah, Jilid I, Dar al-Ma’rifah, Beirut, tanpa Tahun
Taftazani, Abu al-Wafa al-Ghanimi al-, Ibnu ‘Ataillah wa Tasawwufu, Mesir: Taba’ah Multazam, 1969.
Thaha Abd al-Baqi Surur.Muhyi al-Din Ibn Arabi. Kairo: Al-Khanji. tt; Abdul Hafizh Farghali, Al-Syaikh al-Akbar Ibn Arabi. Al-Hai'at al-Mishriyah al-‘Ammah li al-Kitab. 1986.
Yahya, Usman dalam Pengantar al-Futuhat al-Makkiyyah, Jilid I.
Published
2022-04-29
How to Cite
Falihin, D., Moch. Qasim Mathar, Barsihannor, & Salahuddin. (2022). THE MEANING OF MAHABBAH ACCORDING TO IBN ’ARABI’S PERSPECTIVE. Jurnal Diskursus Islam, 10(1), 34-56. https://doi.org/10.24252/jdi.v10i1.29103
Section
April
Abstract viewed = 45 times